aBsTRacT. INTRODUCTION: The Constant Score (CS), developed as a . centimetre “paper” visual scale both for pain and for .. Constant CR, Murley AHG. Home / Free online Constant Shoulder Score calculator The Constant-Murley score contains both physician-completed and patient-reported portions. The four . : Datum: Constant-Murley Scale. Schoudergewricht. Datum. ______. ______. ______. Pijn. – geen. – mild. ______.

Author: Gujora Voll
Country: Martinique
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Love
Published (Last): 17 June 2007
Pages: 499
PDF File Size: 11.24 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.70 Mb
ISBN: 502-6-28555-354-7
Downloads: 37946
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tagar

When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source. That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated.

In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article.

If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement. These parameters define the level of pain and the ability to carry out the normal daily activities of the patient.

The test is divided into four subscales: The constsnt the score, the higher the quality of the function. Subjective findings severity of pain, activities of daily living and working in different positions of the participants are responsible for 35 constsnt and objective measurements AROM without pain, measurements exo -and endorotation via reference points and measuring muscle strength are responsible for the remaining 65 points.

In French a validated translation has been published.

Time needed to complete the Constant-Murley test is between 5 to 7 minutes. Active, pain-free range of elevation: The European Society of shoulder and elbow surgery ESSE promotes the Constant-Murley score for a comprehensive and comparable assessment of shoulder function.

The score is widely used and accepted throughout the European community as a shoulder golden standard for the assessment of shoulder function. Scores and strength of the Constant-Murley test are age related, both will decrease as the patient is older. There are also gender-related differences in score and strength.


When one uses the original values to calculate the relative Constant score, one may overestimate the shoulder function in women older than 40 years and men over 60 years. If relative Constant scores scores based on an age-and sex-matched normal population of Constant original research are used, the absolute scores must be given simultaneously to create comparison with different populations. The aim of this instrument is evaluative and intends to create a balance.

It uses objective and subjective measures to determine whether a certain functional movement is possible e. The Constant-Murley score is applicable regardless of the diagnosis and is one of the most frequently used scoring systems in the follow-up of shoulder injuries.

The material needed for this test is the Constant-Murley scale, a goniometer and a spring balance test. The subjective part of the test can be completed by the patient himself, constabt objective section must be carried out by the assessor. A different method to measure the force has also been published.

For every pound that can be carried 1 point is assigned, with a maximum of 25 points. The specific cobstant to measures strength using a spring balance: The measurement should be pain free.

If pain is involved the patient gets 0 points.

Free online Constant Shoulder Score calculator

Same for if the patient is unable to achieve 90 degrees of elevation. Results show that the use of the Constant-Murley score yields more consyant results, if the results of the affected side are compared with the performance of the unaffected side instead of a comparison against parameters of age and sex-matched groups.

Even in larger groups of patients makes this method a better comparison of the functional results than the Constant-Murley score reference parameters out of healthy age and gender related control groups. When the scael shoulder has a positive history of a condition to the shoulder or is injured at the same moment, there is some weakness in this method.

The Constant-Murley shoulder test is a valid instrument for health status and is useful for patients with various upper extremity symptoms; it is sensitive enough to notice small changes. A correlation of 0,49 complies with a significant but moderate correlation between the simple shoulder test and the Constant-Murley Shoulder Score.


The significant correlation implicates a similar performance of the simple shoulder test, compared to the Constant-Murley Shoulder Score. The Constant-Murley Shoulder Test can only be used or in combination with the simple shoulder test. This test has been shown to be responsive to detecting improvement after shoulder intervention in a variety of shoulder pathologies. This responsiveness, or ability to assess change murkey time, has been found to be adequate.

B [15] [16] Several studies confirmed a good reproducibility, responsiveness and construct validity of the scores.

B [17] The Constant-Murley score correlates strongly with shoulder specific questionnaires. The intraobserver reliability of the Constant-Murley test is higher than consant intraobserver reliability for the total score and for the single items.

B [11] Studies showed that standardization of the items significantly constaht the interobserver reliability and the intraobserver murlej of the Constant-Murley shoulder test. Validity of the constant-Murley test has been questioned based on three concerns Grade of recommendation: There is no gold standard for self- and examiner-assessed shoulder function. The Constant-Murley shoulder evaluation is not appropriate to measure outcomes for patients with shoulder instabilitybecause it contains no elements that relate directly to the instability.

Constant Shoulder Score – Orthopaedic Scores

The validity, the interobserver reliability and consistency of the strength of the tests are negatively affected by the lack of consensus on a reproducible measurement of force. There is need for further improvement in the way this score is used, reported and interpreted. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only.

Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider. Toggle navigation p Physiopedia. Contents Editors Categories Share Cite. Constant-Murley Shoulder Outcome Score. Retrieved from ” https: An effect size of 1.