Memorabilia is a collection of Socratic dialogues by Xenophon, a student of Socrates. . Xenophon, “Memoirs of Socrates,” in Conversations of Socrates, translated by Hugh Tredennick and Robin Waterfield, edited with new material by Robin. Xenophon’s portrait is the only one other than Plato’s to survive, and while it offers a very personal interpretation of Socratic thought, it also reveals much about. Xenophon of Athens ( BC) was an ancient Greek associate of Socrates, the great philosopher. Socrates wrote none of his own thoughts and activities.
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Particularly, if you consider that your body is only a little earth taken from that great mass which you behold.
Philosophy is more palatable embedded in a story. The role of Polycrates is one item in the debate over whether Xenophon’s treatment of Socrates reflects the historical Socrates, or is a largely fictional contribution to the literary debate about Socrates.
In any event, if you are reading the classics and thinking, like I usually do, “everything is just so well written,” then, read some Xenophon, and you may subsequently be able to appreciate that the unbelievable quality of the classics is not a conspiracy based on propaganda “it’s only ‘great’ cause everyo Obviously, Xenophon is the epitome of mediocrity.
This penguin edition is highly recommended. He can rant about things. Socrates confesses his true aims of becoming a pimp and says women must do housework as a form of exercise.
The times when Plato portrays Socrates this way must be seen as Plato using Socrates as his own mouthpiece for subjects and questions that interested him personally.
The Apology of Socrates. You can read this item using any of the following Kobo apps and devices: The major point of the work is to rebut the charges against Socrates. His routine was to spend the morning exercising then the afternoon in the market place on his mission.
Selected pages Title Page. But Polycrates’ work is lost, and our sources for reconstructing it are late and unreliable.
Conversations of Socrates – Xenophon – Google Books
Whilst fighting for Greece, he was finally banished due to his devotion to Socrates and support for Sparta. The sum of what I have advanced is this, that without men there could not be any policy or any economy, that they are often executed by the same persons, and that they who are called to the government of the Republic are the very same whom great men employ for their private affairs.
In the lengthy first two chapters of the work, Xenophon argues that Socrates was innocent of the formal charges against him: Xenophon displays only the positive side of what we know of Socrates’ thought – his ideas on recollection and self-discipline, for example.
The self-control of Xenophon’s Socrates is in keeping with his role in inspiring ancient cynicismwhich was traditionally said to be founded by Socrates’ follower Antisthenes.
Aside from Plato and Aristophanes, Xenophon is the only contemporary of Socrates whose writings on the latter are extant. We should process events and people by this same method.
And lastly, the reputation and honours that are acquired in Republics are often the cause of their ruin who possess them – If I explain it not by my words, my actions speak it sufficiently, and do you think that actions deserve not rather to be believed than words?
Somewhere between his and Plato’s accounts we really do get a feel for who the man was. Xenophon’s Socrates is more soccrates and defends his own views more often than Plato’s Socrates. You are not, I persuade myself, ignorant that you are endowed with understanding; do you then think that there is not elsewhere an intelligent being?
This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat By applying himself to things that he can do, he gets his bread with pleasure, and is happy, and by not attempting to do the things he cannot do, he avoids the danger of falling into errors, and of seeing himself miserable – How can a man be happy with things that are the causes of so many misfortunes?
Sometimes I feel that they extended a little too much but all in all, these chapters gave a clear view of life in Greece in those times, Socrates’ train of thought and so on.
For the desires of the flesh are against the spirit and the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other, to converssations you from doing things you want to do. Constitution of the Athenians ‘Old Oligarch’.
It robs them of leisure to apply themselves to things profitable, while it drowns them in sensual pleasures; and it seizes their minds to that degree that, though they often know which is the best way, they are miserably engaged in the worst.
There are unavoidable punishments annexed to this crime – Temperance is a great advantage to such as desire to do anything that is excellent – To do good is to be free, and that to be prevented from doing it, by any obstacle whatever, is not to be free? Of what advantage would agreeable scents have been to us if nostrils suited to their reception had not been given? Indeed, the last of the documents is nothing except talking about how to manage an estate.
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Original Review, Socrates was also interesting because conversagions his physicality And like all who exist within the realm of a mind, whether it was shared, written, adjudicated or kept xenkphon, these thoughts are buried with their body when all is finishe This is a quick read. At least the woman in The Estate Manager was able to learn something. Xenophon’s Socrates is a just another martyred moral teacher who could easily be thrown into the same file drawer of collective human memory with numerous prophets, teachers, and historical figures who inspired any minor cultural change.
It is still of interest because, like Socrates, Xenophon was clearly of the oligarchical party and thought the philosopher got a raw deal. Socrates is by no means the exclusive property of Plato: He is known for his writings on the history of his own times, preserving the sayings of Socrates, and the life of ancient Greece. I seem to be in the minority here, but in many ways I prefer Xenophon to Plato.
I was also impressed by the introductions provided by one of the translators, Robin Waterfield. I will xxenophon delude you with promises of future pleasure; I shall give you a true account of the facts, exactly as the gods have ordained them. As Robin Waterfield, the co-translator, writes in his excellent introduction, Xenophon deserves to be read more, if only to show that Socrates caught the imagination of the Ancient Greeks in more ways than just one.