Buddhist liturgy is a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist The concept of gongyō is also common in Japanese Pure Land Buddhist schools such as Jodo Shu and Jodo Shinshu. . SGI-USA. p. vi. ISBN ^ Nichiren-Shu Service Book: Dharma, Nichiren. Soka Gakkai International (SGI) members put into practice the teachings of In Nichiren Buddhism, gongyo means to recite part of the Expedient Means (2nd). For a full explanation of the meaning of the passages we recite in gongyo, it is worth reading SGI President Daisaku Ikeda’s lectures in the book The Heart of the.
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Nichiren Shu has many types of gongyo a person can perform.
Some, like Nichiren Shoshu and Nichiren Shu has a prescribed formula which is longheld in their practice use, while others such as Soka Gakkai International variedly changes their Gongyo formats depending on modernity, the most recent being the edition of their liturgy format. Nichiren established no formal procedure for gongyo other than the recitation of the 2nd and 16th chapters of the Lotus Sutra, and at times even just the verse section of the 16th chapter.
The traditional Chinese Buddhist liturgy for morning chanting simplified Chinese: Ushitora Gongyo takes place in the Grand Reception Hall of Head Temple Taisekiji and follows the format of the five-prayer morning gongyo service.
What is Gongyo?
Four Stages Arhat Buddha Bodhisattva. Part of a series on. The times for these services will vary depending on the individual branch, and individual temple. The significance of performing Ushitora Gongyo at this time of day derives from earlier Buddhist teachings that describe the hour of the ox as “the end of darkness” and the hour of the tiger as “the beginning of light,” and ones that describe all Buddhas as having attained enlightenment at this time.
Currently, after the recitation of the 2nd chapter and the verse section of the 16th chapter, daimoku is chanted for as long as desired, after which all the silent prayers are said to conclude gongyo.
Nichiren Shoshu Basics of Practicepp. Archived from the original on February 5, The number of recitations depends on which silent prayer is to be offered. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
In the 70s, silent prayers were added for the success of the Soka Gakkai itself, and in gonguo of its first two deceased presidents. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. A shorter hymn called the Juniraithe Twelve Praises of Amidacan be used as well. By the 90s, prayers of appreciation for the priesthood were abandoned.
University of Shi Press. The Buddhist LiturgyTaiwan: During dgi Sui and Tang dynasties, the buddhist philosophy developed dramatically in central China, and was influenced by Taoism. The format of gongyo varies by denomination and sect.
Each recitation of the sutra passages is followed three “prolonged daimoku ” hiki-daimokuwherein each syllable pronounced distinctly and drawn out: Offering the sutra entails reciting the Expedient Means second and the Life Span of the Tathagata sixteenth chapters of the Lotus Sutra ; the silent prayers are five formal meditations expressing gratitude for the Gonyo Treasures as defined in Nichiren Shoshuand the merit accrued through Buddhist practices.
The rubbing of Juzu prayer beads is prohibited during both Gongyo and Shodai or prolonged chanting in Nichiren Shoshu. The most important gongyo service in Nichiren Shoshu is the Ushitora Gongyo performed daily by the high priest or his proxy when he gongjo unable to officiate. This is because chanting as much daimoku as possible is the main practice of the Nichiren Shoshu faithful, whereas the sutra recitations are an auxiliary practice.
What is Gongyo? | Soka Gakkai Malaysia (SGM)
Chinese Buddhist philosophers borrowed this word from Taoism classics, and it spread to Korea, Japan, Vietnam with Buddhism. In traditional Jodo Shinshu Buddhism, lay practitioners may also chant a hymn written by Shinran called the Shoshinge gongyp, which is not a sutra per sebut expounds the lineage with which Jodo Shinshu owes its beliefs. The first two presidents, Tsunesaburo Makiguchi and Josei Toda, taught members “not to hire priests to chant, as had long been customary, but to chant for themselves, a change they found both disarming and empowering” .
The current format has evolved over the years.
The word Gongyo originated in ancient China; although nowadays it is more often used in Buddhism, it first appeared in the Taoism classic Zhuang Zi. Nichiren Buddhists perform a form of gongyo that consists of reciting certain passages of the Lotus Sutra and chanting daimoku.
Variations on this basic gongyo format, consisting of different combinations of the Expedient Means Chapter and parts of the Life Span of the Tathagata Chapter, are also offered on certain occasions, such as at mid-day meetings, before chanting daimoku for extended periods, and at funerals and celebrations. The sutra recitation now takes only about 5 minutes, leaving more time for the primary practice of chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo . The examples agi perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
Buddhist liturgy – Wikipedia
The established format consist of five in the morning and three in the evening, with the Expedient Means and Life Span of the Tathagata chapters recited once for each silent prayer offered.
This page was last edited on 29 Decemberat A typical order for chanting at these services is: It is emphasized by the Soka Gakkai, however, that more important than the wording of the prayers is the practitioner’s heartfelt intent in doing gongyo and expressing his or her appreciation and desires . Furthermore, when extreme circumstances prevent someone from gongyk gongyo according to established convention, it is considered by Nichiren Shoshu members to do a shortened version and chant lots of daimoku than to lose daily contact with the Gohonzon.
Depending on what practice the practitioner wishes to undertake, it can be done at a temple or at home. It is done between the eponymous hours of the ox ushi The full Life Span of the Tathagata Chapter is recited only for the second prayer an expression of appreciation to the Dai-Gohonzon ; for all others, only the “verse” portion is recited. Members of Nichiren Zgi may only use Juzu prayer beads with pure white cords and white Pom-Pom ornaments, while Nichiren Shoshu priests use an additional set of Juzu prayer beads with white string tassels which they use towards Kito and Lotus Sutra blessings.
It is often done one or more times a day and can vary amongst the TheravadaMahayanaand Vajrayana sects. All three terms are common Japanese words and none is specific to any particular sect or school.